On this page of Benford's Law Stocks.com we present our study of TUCOWS INC /PA/ — ticker symbol TCX. SEC filings have been screened by our Benford's Law software, for quarterly 10Q and annual 10K filings from 8/7/2019 to 5/9/2024 for TUCOWS INC /PA/ under CIK number 0000909494. For filings made in XBRL (eXtensible Business Reporting Language) format, our algorithm extracts all "tagged" numbers presented by the company; for any non-XBRL filings our algorithm uses its own interal set of rules to extract what it believes to be numbers as found throughout the filings. The format found for each filing is presented below together with the results for TCX, with the percentage of found numbers beginning with each digit (1's, 2's, 3's, 4's, 5's, 6's, 7's, 8's, and 9's) charted against the "normal" range observed throughout our coverage universe, as well as the "normal" range for TUCOWS INC /PA/ based on the past TCX filings our system processed in the past.
33.1
16.9
10.0
7.6
10.0
8.5
5.0
5.1
3.8
 
%1 %2 %3 %4 %5 %6 %7 %8 %9
XBRL?   [ original filing, TCX stockholder letter ]
Total numbers found: 903
Recent share count: 10,829,711 (1's column)

= Typical range across full coverage universe
Benford's Law Stocks Indicator
903
High count compared to other filers, with TCX falling in the highest quartile of filers. At this number count, it would take about 9 numbers to move any given column by a full percentage point.
83

Starting from a possible score of 100, we made the following score deductions:
 • We deducted point upon observing the 4's percentage was below the company's typical historical range.
 • The 5's percentage was higher than the 4's percentage, increasing the penalty multiplier.
 • We deducted point (includes the impact of penalty multiplier) upon observing the 5's percentage was above the typical coverage universe range.
 • We deducted points (includes the impact of penalty multiplier) upon observing the 5's percentage was above the company's typical historical range.
 • We deducted points upon observing the 6's percentage was above the typical coverage universe range.
 • We deducted points upon observing the 6's percentage was above the company's typical historical range.
 • The 8's percentage was higher than the 7's percentage, increasing the penalty multiplier.
 • This is the 2nd column with percentage higher than the prior column, resulting in a penalty deduction.
Benford's Law Stocks Indicator
TCX
Normal-to-high score compared to other filers, falling within the top of the middle 50%.
SPTN
SYBX
THRY
WTW
STKS
TASK
THRD
VRSN
Check our work! We provide our TUCOWS INC /PA/ Benford's Law analysis for informational purposes only, and our software should be expected to make mistakes and contain errors (nothing you see on this website should be relied upon for any decision-making without first repeating the analysis yourself independently), and so below we present to you all of the numbers our system detected, for the TCX filing above. This way, you can open the filing on your own and compare what you see below against what you yourself find. This can also be helpful for exploring any columns in particular that caught your eye.

1's 2's 3's
We found 299 numbers that start with the digit 1. Here they are:
15,243,600
15,243,600
15,243,600
15,243,600
10,928,623
10,928,623
10,903,405
10,903,405
130.4
1
199
199
16,519
11,879
10,011
17,283
10,338
1,630
16.47
19.78
1.74
10,950,656
19,683
124
1,417
16,142
17,387
100,346
15,741
15,419
130,410
130,410
12,770
12,676
17,780
19,335
133,363
126,733
1,235
18,908
18,255
115,612
111,390
15,370
14,072
1,728
15,944
1,942
18,316
14,061
18,565
15,737
122
152
1,314
16,519
17,283
11,879
1,774
1,710
19,083
1,126
169
1,295
168
19,251
1.77
10,923,599
10,806,321
19,083
1,942
1,067
1,679
149
1
1,873
1,293
1,245
1,326
156
1,555
145
1,600
14,320
166
14,416
11,723
104,978
11,773
11,773
11,773
1,581
13,840
1.3678
151
16,974
1.3697
13,795
1.3686
192
1.3688
1,728
1,485
1,126
169
1,708
1,295
134
184
1,126
130.4
107.7
17
1
11,151
1,128
13,303
1,277
155
1,679
11,149
1,128
12,122
1,993
1,634
1,092
1,262
15,622
1
1.50
1.25
1.75
1,399
1,546
168,357,000
11.2
1.8
1.7
19,083
10,923,599
10,806,321
10,923,599
10,806,321
1.77
14,102
11,853
10.5
19
1,026
1,942
17,347
17,079
1
1.9
148,083
155,107
1,417
10,181
124
111,068
116,087
1,663
1,273
1,794
1,843
1,378
1,482
1,219
18,720
13,365
19,083
1,774
1,710
1,942
1,679
11,879
1,873
14,102
14,102
18,536
18,316
18,565
122
1,314
11,853
11,853
1,026
17,521
1,839
1,942
14,061
15,737
152
1,709
1,864
13,913
15,341
15,622
17,205
182
10,903,405
14,072
1,728
1,298
1,960
1,295
1,295
10,928,623
15,370
15,944
1
1.25
1.725
1.53
1,132,632
1,036,748
10,000
15.27
18,423
1,062,214
1,021,600
19.38
140,997
196,929
174,808
173,158
114,504
16,500
10,125
1,062,214
100
16,333,233
1.28
15,975,528
1.27
1.74
1.27
1.27
157,705
1.27
16,485,256
1.29
16,469,595
1.27
1.27
1.27
16,485,256
1.29
1.27
16,485,256
1.29
1.27
10
100
18,000
163,250
145,269
1,836,206
1.9
1,423
1,504
196
1,873
1
1.0
1
1.0
12,879
1,000
11,879
10,000,000
140
140
140
15
13
17
15
14.7
111,899
16,541
14,680
116,095
111,899
115,612
111,390
1.1
18,639
18,536
18,639
135,474
198,641
13
1,885
191
1,986
103
191
139
We found 153 numbers that start with the digit 2. Here they are:
250,000,000
250,000,000
24,710
2,787
21.07
28.37
22,206
2,277
213,931
242,757
2,012
2,012
28,504
27,467
2,618
2,581
27,899
29,484
2,036
208,194
201,341
21,744
21,350
205,001
210,354
223,791
222,895
2,966
2,966
2,494
24,710
20,793
26,484
236
27,779
2.42
26,484
238
2,872
2,710
263
2
2,246
2,523
2,191
289
2,800
25,440
25,594
23,496
228
2,277
2,277
2,275
223
211
22.7
2,148
29,484
2
2
222
25
27,899
2,122
240
240
206.4
2.00
2.50
25
2.25
206,400
211,900
205,001
210,354
205,001
210,354
23,289,000
220.5
238,505
238,505
223,791
222,895
223,791
222,895
24.7
20.8
26,484
2.42
25
2,083
2,035
2,737
2,558
2,246
2,404
2,821
2,454
2,019
24,426
26,484
2,872
2,246
255
2,282
2,083
2,737
2,693
2,035
2,558
2,494
20,793
25,218
26,484
26,484
2.475
2,500
21.07
22.36
22,874
26.19
2,500
22.36
20,000
271,045
240,743
210,685
20
25
220,272
27
2.2
2,246
2,277
2,277
2,277
2,277
23,333,333.34
2.6
256
2,560
2,089
280
2,560
2
2,089
280
280
2,560
2,318
242
2,295,000
We found 90 numbers that start with the digit 3. Here they are:
33,333,333
33,333,333
3.75
3.75
3.00
3
335
3,030
30.70
30.74
3,639
346
350,397
339,644
36,040
35,356
35,035
34,373
365
378
34,835
31,344
3,621
3,510
37
385
3,755
3,037
3,956
366
318
343
30,000
305
31,746
31,912
3,885
359
39
3
3.00
3.50
30
3
3.50
3,985
332
334
351
38,663
37,002
39,210
37,608
365
378
3,728
37,790
390
3,051
3,030
351
35,663
365
34,835
3,621
3,985
31,140
378
31,344
3,510
349,501
338,696
350,397
339,644
34,373
35,035
31,250
30.71
30.71
35,473
3,448,984
3,448,984
3,448,984
3,621
3,621
30.0
31
30
35,000
365
4's 5's 6's
We found 69 numbers that start with the digit 4. Here they are:
413
4.50
4.25
4.00
4,202
40.04
48.00
4,034
40,298
433
49,290
4,815
4,370
4,659
4,034
44.6
44.6
44,609
413
433
4,094
40
46,859,000
4.0
48,151
46,293
4,703
4,531
48.2
4,136
4,113
43,346
41,721
49,095
44,076
434
40
4,202
43,346
41,721
49,290
4,815
4,370
4
40,298
433
40
40
40
40
40
475
4.0
42.28
42.87
4.6
4,602,003
4,047
4,047
4.1
469
4,370
4,370
4.2
45.7
4,196
45,718
483
4
We found 90 numbers that start with the digit 5. Here they are:
515
511
52
51.82
59.98
571
5,518
5,397
51,794
53
5,016
53
572
5,769
5,019
518
5,678
5,251
5,500
5,500
501
5,945
571
571
571
547
54
567
50
5,418
50.9
50.9
5.5
50
5.95
5.00
5.00
5.00
5,511
5,847
5
52,854
50,824
59,242
59
5,360
547
53
57,030
575
5,266
5,603
53
5,360
51,794
53
5,016
59,242
59,242
5
5
511
515
511
54.61
59.97
50,044
55.57
54.30
515,204
5,000
55.73
55.72
54.30
530,000
580,750
5
546
571
571
571
571
54
50
5,000,000
5.0
5,173,067
509
54
52
We found 77 numbers that start with the digit 6. Here they are:
60.01
68.41
6.00
66,590
6,095
6,786
687
609
66,782
6,323
69,141
66,369
67
68
691
6,303
66,590
695
61.4
61.4
68
648
60
60
6.7
6,498
61,882
692
606
6,323
69,141
66,369
64,054
6.92
61,882
61,882
654
67
6,642
658
658
6,323
693
662
66,782
60.04
6,725
67.25
60.04
610,211
61.27
62.70
64,181
62.06
62.30
610,211
61.27
6.00
6.00
6.00
6.00
6.00
6.00
6.00
6.00
6.00
6.00
6.00
6.00
6.00
6.00
68
6.00
60
6.00
6.00
6
7's 8's 9's
We found 45 numbers that start with the digit 7. Here they are:
7,880
70.13
79.51
709
780,272
798,426
780,272
798,426
7,064
7,880
745
745
7,024
78
79,384
79,384
70
75
70
7.40
7.82
7,300
7,064
7.27
7,880
7,064
7,300
7,868
7,590
75
78.49
78.18
7,417
7,417
7,504,269
7,315,000
7,213,750
7,279,527
7,213,750
7,213,750
7,934
7,880
77.5
7,353
7
We found 46 numbers that start with the digit 8. Here they are:
80
80.61
82.07
8,760
8,652
87,457
80,430
8,436
8,146
8,191
8,588
82
8,760
83
870
884
859
8.8
802
8,418
87,457
80,430
8,436
8,888
8
87
8,588
87,457
87,457
8,742
8,191
80,430
80,430
8,436
8,146
891
8
81.27
81.42
8
86,683
8,610,331
8,610,331
8,610,331
87
833,333
We found 34 numbers that start with the digit 9. Here they are:
9,537
941
9,273
92,687
95,649
9,875
9,865
9,818
9,987
926
96
9,009
96
96
9
9.95
9,203
9,763
9,365
9,390
9,028
9.2
9,865
9,987
9,191
9,390
9,039
9,865
9,818
943
9,875
9
91.5
91,396
While the above TCX 10Q Filed 5/9/2024 is interesting in isolation, we have found that it is also useful to take a look at older TUCOWS INC /PA/ filings processed by our Benford's Law Stocks algorithm, to see how the company's filings "typically look" on a Benford's Law analysis. Below we repeat the 10Q Filed 5/9/2024 but instead of the chart comparing against the typical company across our coverage universe, below we show the same chart compared against the typical TCX 10Q and 10K filings that we have processed historically. This is followed by similar charts for each of those historical filings.

33.1
16.9
10.0
7.6
10.0
8.5
5.0
5.1
3.8
 
%1 %2 %3 %4 %5 %6 %7 %8 %9
Benford's Law Stocks Score: 83
XBRL?   [ original filing ]
Total numbers found: 903

= Typical TCX range from 8/7/2019 to 5/9/2024
31.2
16.6
10.9
7.9
9.8
8.5
5.0
6.4
3.7
 
%1 %2 %3 %4 %5 %6 %7 %8 %9
Benford's Law Stocks Score: 78
XBRL?   [ original filing ]
Total numbers found: 1,312

= Typical TCX range from 8/7/2019 to 5/9/2024
35.5
17.4
11.3
9.3
6.5
7.5
5.8
3.8
3.1
 
%1 %2 %3 %4 %5 %6 %7 %8 %9
Benford's Law Stocks Score: 98
XBRL?   [ original filing ]
Total numbers found: 1,112

= Typical TCX range from 8/7/2019 to 5/9/2024
33.7
18.7
12.9
9.9
7.1
4.2
5.9
4.3
3.3
 
%1 %2 %3 %4 %5 %6 %7 %8 %9
Benford's Law Stocks Score: 97
XBRL?   [ original filing ]
Total numbers found: 1,346

= Typical TCX range from 8/7/2019 to 5/9/2024
32.4
20.1
10.9
11.0
7.2
5.2
3.8
5.1
4.3
 
%1 %2 %3 %4 %5 %6 %7 %8 %9
Benford's Law Stocks Score: 88
XBRL?   [ original filing ]
Total numbers found: 652

= Typical TCX range from 8/7/2019 to 5/9/2024
32.3
15.8
10.6
9.8
8.8
5.9
5.5
6.3
5.0
 
%1 %2 %3 %4 %5 %6 %7 %8 %9
Benford's Law Stocks Score: 94
XBRL?   [ original filing ]
Total numbers found: 1,134

= Typical TCX range from 8/7/2019 to 5/9/2024
34.0
16.0
12.0
10.1
7.2
5.9
5.7
4.9
4.1
 
%1 %2 %3 %4 %5 %6 %7 %8 %9
Benford's Law Stocks Score: 100
XBRL?   [ original filing ]
Total numbers found: 2,158

= Typical TCX range from 8/7/2019 to 5/9/2024
31.2
18.8
12.1
9.3
7.4
6.4
5.8
4.7
4.4
 
%1 %2 %3 %4 %5 %6 %7 %8 %9
Benford's Law Stocks Score: 100
XBRL?   [ original filing ]
Total numbers found: 1,600

= Typical TCX range from 8/7/2019 to 5/9/2024
31.1
17.6
9.5
9.2
8.4
9.4
5.4
5.4
4.0
 
%1 %2 %3 %4 %5 %6 %7 %8 %9
Benford's Law Stocks Score: 84
XBRL?   [ original filing ]
Total numbers found: 822

= Typical TCX range from 8/7/2019 to 5/9/2024
33.2
16.6
11.1
10.7
8.9
6.2
4.7
5.5
3.2
 
%1 %2 %3 %4 %5 %6 %7 %8 %9
Benford's Law Stocks Score: 99
XBRL?   [ original filing ]
Total numbers found: 1,104

= Typical TCX range from 8/7/2019 to 5/9/2024
33.5
18.7
11.8
9.8
6.3
6.3
4.6
5.4
3.6
 
%1 %2 %3 %4 %5 %6 %7 %8 %9
Benford's Law Stocks Score: 99
XBRL?   [ original filing ]
Total numbers found: 1,072

= Typical TCX range from 8/7/2019 to 5/9/2024
33.5
18.4
11.2
10.0
7.2
4.6
5.2
4.7
5.1
 
%1 %2 %3 %4 %5 %6 %7 %8 %9
Benford's Law Stocks Score: 86
XBRL?   [ original filing ]
Total numbers found: 1,345

= Typical TCX range from 8/7/2019 to 5/9/2024
33.1
15.3
11.5
11.8
8.4
5.0
4.5
5.3
5.3
 
%1 %2 %3 %4 %5 %6 %7 %8 %9
Benford's Law Stocks Score: 83
XBRL?   [ original filing ]
Total numbers found: 1,369

= Typical TCX range from 8/7/2019 to 5/9/2024
32.8
17.3
11.1
11.7
7.6
5.1
4.3
5.8
4.3
 
%1 %2 %3 %4 %5 %6 %7 %8 %9
Benford's Law Stocks Score: 86
XBRL?   [ original filing ]
Total numbers found: 2,072

= Typical TCX range from 8/7/2019 to 5/9/2024
33.8
17.4
9.8
9.2
6.2
8.9
7.4
3.5
3.7
 
%1 %2 %3 %4 %5 %6 %7 %8 %9
Benford's Law Stocks Score: 72
XBRL?   [ original filing ]
Total numbers found: 1,337

= Typical TCX range from 8/7/2019 to 5/9/2024
34.1
18.9
13.1
9.1
7.2
4.8
5.4
3.9
3.4
 
%1 %2 %3 %4 %5 %6 %7 %8 %9
Benford's Law Stocks Score: 99
XBRL?   [ original filing ]
Total numbers found: 1,425

= Typical TCX range from 8/7/2019 to 5/9/2024
30.3
17.8
12.2
10.1
8.8
7.1
4.1
5.1
4.4
 
%1 %2 %3 %4 %5 %6 %7 %8 %9
Benford's Law Stocks Score: 99
XBRL?   [ original filing ]
Total numbers found: 680

= Typical TCX range from 8/7/2019 to 5/9/2024
34.4
16.7
11.9
8.9
6.7
6.2
5.0
6.2
3.9
 
%1 %2 %3 %4 %5 %6 %7 %8 %9
Benford's Law Stocks Score: 95
XBRL?   [ original filing ]
Total numbers found: 1,063

= Typical TCX range from 8/7/2019 to 5/9/2024
33.0
14.8
11.3
10.0
5.8
6.9
7.6
6.6
4.0
 
%1 %2 %3 %4 %5 %6 %7 %8 %9
Benford's Law Stocks Score: 73
XBRL?   [ original filing ]
Total numbers found: 1,138

= Typical TCX range from 8/7/2019 to 5/9/2024
34.0
17.1
12.1
8.5
7.9
5.8
5.3
4.6
4.5
 
%1 %2 %3 %4 %5 %6 %7 %8 %9
Benford's Law Stocks Score: 100
XBRL?   [ original filing ]
Total numbers found: 3,443

= Typical TCX range from 8/7/2019 to 5/9/2024
 

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